反向春运,已经成为国人春节团聚新方式。1月8日,一份最新发布的预测称,北京、广州、成都、上海、深圳等地今年仍将成为热门反向春运的目的地。为鼓励反向春运,国家发改委等部门日前在《关于全力做好2020年春运工作的意见》中,还特别要求铁路推行回空方向列车票价优惠措施。

Reverse Spring Festival luck, has become a new way of Chinese Spring Festival reunion. Beijing, guangzhou, chengdu, shanghai, shenzhen and other places will remain the destination of popular reverse spring transportation this year, a new forecast said on january 8. To encourage reverse Spring Festival transportation, the National Development and Reform Commission (NDRC) and other departments have urged the railway to implement preferential fares for return-to-air trains in the 2020 Spring Festival.

  这应该是“反向春运”首次写入春运工作指导意见。由此可见,反向春运潮流已经改变众多民众的生活,乃至改变春节的团圆方式。在一家购票平台的统计中,反向春运人流这两年保持了平均30%的增幅。铁路方面去年的数据也显示,春运反向客流连续四年增长,年均增幅9%左右。

This should be the first time that the \"reverse Spring Festival Movement\" has been written into the guidance of the Spring Festival Movement work. It can be seen that the reverse Spring Festival movement trend has changed the lives of many people, and even changed the way the Spring Festival reunion. In the statistics of a ticket-buying platform, the reverse spring movement has maintained an average growth rate of 30% over the past two years. Last year's railway figures also showed four consecutive years of reverse passenger flow growth of around 9% a year.

  将老家的父母和孩子接来自己工作的城市过春节,反向春运是人们生活方式、思想观念转变的必然结果。一方面是子女假期很宝贵,浪费在路上还不如父母们提前动身错峰出行;另外很重要的一个原因,是越来越多的新市民在北上广渝落地生根,建立了稳定的小家庭,有条件接待家乡的父母亲眷们。此外,随着生活水平的提高,父辈身体大多康健,无论体力上还是财力上,都足以应付这趟春节前后的远行。

The reverse Spring Festival is the inevitable result of the change of people's life style and ideology. On the one hand, the children's vacation is very precious, and the waste on the road is not as good as the parents'early departure from the wrong peak travel; another important reason is that more and more new citizens have taken root in the north, set up a stable small family, and have the conditions to receive the parents of their hometown. In addition, with the improvement of living standards, parents are mostly healthy, both physical and financial, enough to cope with the Spring Festival before and after the long journey.

  反向春运有着正向意义,一定程度上能缓解春运的压力,又能减少回空方向的成本。但与此同时,也对铁路、公路、航空、水运等运营机构提出了新的要求。船票、机票、火车票是不是充足?是不是按照有关部门的要求推行了优惠政策?有没有为走上反向春运之路的老人做好专门准备?不少高铁站全面推行电子客票,恰恰老人运用这些新技术力不从心,那么有没有细致且有针对性地为他们留好人工检票口?老人关爱儿女,往往带着各种家乡特产,大包小包地上车下车,站台上有没有足够的志愿者帮着搬运?春运是压力,更是提升服务水平、丰富服务细节的动力。不能因为正向客流多,而忽视反向客流,对反向旅客,要一样提供正向服务。

Reverse Spring Festival transportation has positive meaning, which can relieve the pressure of Spring Festival transportation to some extent, and reduce the cost of returning to the empty direction. But at the same time, it also puts forward new requirements for railway, highway, aviation, water transportation and other operators. Are there enough tickets, tickets and train tickets? Have preferential policies been implemented in accordance with the requirements of relevant departments? Are there any special preparations for the elderly who have embarked on the reverse Spring Festival? Many high-speed rail stations fully implement e-tickets, cha-cha the elderly are unable to use these new technology, so there are meticulous and targeted for them to keep a good manual ticket gate? The elderly care for their children, often with a variety of home products, big bags and small bags to get on and off, the platform has enough volunteers to help carry? Spring Festival is the pressure, but also to improve the level of service, rich service details of the driving force. We should not ignore the reverse passenger flow because of the large number of forward passenger flow, and provide the same forward service for the reverse passenger.

  对北上广深等大城市来说,接纳反向春运的客流,无疑将成为常态。由于回乡过年的人群毕竟还是占据大多数,春节“空城”的局面依旧难免,不少餐馆和便利店关门歇业,公共运力也会相应削减。面对远道而来的新人群,要尽地主之谊,就应该提供更周到的服务、更丰富的节目,无论是春节期间的文化活动,还是交通医疗等不可或缺的基本保障,都应该让他们感受到城市的温度和春节的欢乐。因为无论正向反向,春运之路的终点,都应该是同样的美满团圆。(张丽)

For big cities such as Guangzhou and Shenzhen in the north, accepting the passenger flow of the reverse Spring Festival will undoubtedly become the norm. After all, the majority of people returning home for the new year, the \"empty city\" situation is still inevitable, many restaurants and convenience stores closed down, public capacity will be reduced accordingly. In the face of the new people coming from far away, to do their best, we should provide more considerate service and richer programs, whether it is the cultural activities during the Spring Festival, transportation and medical treatment and other indispensable basic guarantees, they should feel the temperature of the city and the joy of the Spring Festival. Because whether forward or backward, the end of the road of the Spring Festival should be the same happy reunion. (Zhang Li)


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